Acne and Acne Treatment – what is that I can Do?

This fact sheet is for people who have acne.

Acne is a skin disease, condition that causes spots. Most people affected by acne are aged between 12 and 25.1 However, men and women in their 30s and 40s can also suffer. There are many treatments available to help deal with the condition.
What is acne?

Acne is a skin condition that typically causes one or more of the following:

* blackheads (comedones)
* whiteheads
* red or yellow spots
* greasy skin
* scars

Acne and Acne Treatment – which ares it affects?

Acne typically affects the skin of the face, back, neck, chest and arms and the severity of the condition can vary.

Acne affects people of all skin colors. The processes that cause acne are exactly the same in people with black or brown skin but the impact is altered by the skin pigmentation.

Acne is very common and affects about 80 in 100 people aged 11-30 at some time.

Acne typically affects the skin of the face, back, neck, chest and arms and the severity of the condition can vary.1,4

Acne affects people of all skin colors. The processes that cause acne are exactly the same in people with black or brown skin but the impact is altered by the skin pigmentation.

Acne is very common and affects about 80 in 100 people aged 11-30 at some time.

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Acne and Acne Treatment – The skin:

The surface of the skin has lots of small sebaceous glands just below the surface. These glands make an oily substance called sebum that keeps the skin smooth and supple.

Tiny pores (holes in the skin) allow the sebum to come to the skin surface. Hairs also grow through these pores.

Acne and Acne Treatment – What causes acne?

Acne breakouts is actually brought on by the actual hyperactivity from the sweat glands which exude greasy ingredients on to your skin.

The actual sweat glands of individuals along with acne breakouts are specifically delicate to normalcy bloodstream amounts of the hormone known as androgenic hormone or testosterone, discovered normally within both women and men.

Androgenic hormone or testosterone within individuals vulnerable to acne breakouts activates the actual sweat glands to create too much natural oils.

Simultaneously, the actual lifeless pores and skin tissue coating the actual opportunities from the follicles of hair (the actual pipes which contain the locks) aren’t get rid of correctly as well as block in the hair follicles.

Both of these results mixed result in a build-up associated with essential oil within the follicles of hair. This particular leads to pimples as well as whiteheads to create.

For a lot of, their own acne breakouts doesn’t improvement past this particular phase.

In others, the actual build-up associated with essential oil within the follicles of hair produces a perfect atmosphere for any bacteria known as Propionibacterium acnes to develop.

These types of germs usually reside harmlessly in your pores and skin however whenever this particular perfect atmosphere is done, these people develop. These people give food to from the natural oils as well as create ingredients which result in a reaction out of your system’s defense mechanisms. This particular inflames your skin as well as produces the actual inflammation related to places.

Within worse ‘inflammatory acne’, cysts create underneath the skin’s area. These types of acne breakouts cysts may break, distributing chlamydia in to close by pores and skin cells. This particular can lead to skin damage.

Acne and Acne Treatment – Treatment:

Acne may cause you considerable emotional distress but there is a range of treatment options to help you tackle the problem. No treatment will completely ‘cure’ your acne. The aims of treatment are to prevent new spots forming, to improve those already present, and to prevent scarring

Acne and Acne Treatment – how to use Home treatment?

It is important to keep spot-prone areas clean, so wash the affected area twice a day with an unperfumed cleanser.1,6 The skin needs a certain amount of oil to maintain its natural condition, so avoid aggressive washing with strong soaps.

There are a number of over-the-counter remedies available from pharmacies to treat mild acne. These usually contain antibacterial agents such as benzoyl peroxide (eg Oxy and Clearasil Max).

As well as its antibacterial effects, benzoyl peroxide can dry out the skin and encourage it to shed the surface layer of dead skin. Together, these effects make it harder for pores to become blocked and for infection to develop.

Benzoyl peroxide can cause redness and peeling, especially to start with. This tends to settle down if you reduce the number of times you use it. You can then build up your use gradually.

No home treatments for acne will work immediately. It can take weeks, if not months, for significant effects to be noticeable. If home treatments have not worked after two months, or you have severe acne, you should visit your GP.

Acne and Acne Treatment – The Prescription medicines:

Your GP may start your treatment by prescribing a preparation containing benzoyl peroxide. If this does not work, or if you have more severe acne, there are a range of other treatment options that you can either rub onto your skin (topical) or take in tablet form (oral).
Acne and Acne Treatment – The Topical treatments:

There are several topical treatments you may be prescribed including those listed below:

  • azelaic acid (Skinoren) is an alternative to benzoyl peroxide and may not make your skin as sore as benzoyl peroxide
  •   topical retinoids (eg Adapalene) are medicines based on vitamin A, which are rubbed into the skin once or twice a day.7 They work by encouraging the outer layer of skin to flake off
  • a topical antibiotic lotion applied to the skin can be used to control the P. acnes bacteria (eg Dalacin T). Treatment needs to continue for at least six months. Preparations that combine an antibiotic with other acne medication are available (eg Benzamycin which combines an antibiotic with benzoyl peroxide)

Acne and Acne Treatment – Oral treatments:

There are several oral treatments you may be prescribed including those listed below:

  • oral antibiotics (tablets), such as tetracycline, can be prescribed for inflammatory acne. They should be taken daily for around three months, although it might take four to six months for the benefits to be seen.

 The success of this treatment can be limited because the strains of bacteria are often resistant to the common antibiotics. Antibiotics do not prevent pores from becoming blocked so treatment to prevent blackheads, such as benzoyl peroxide, is often also prescribed at the same time.

  • some types of oral contraceptive tablets help women who have acne. A combination of the usual pill hormone called ethinylestradiol with cyproterone acetate (eg Dianette) suppresses male hormone activity so is often used in women with acne
  •   isotretinoin (eg Roaccutane) is a medicine known as an oral retinoid, which also exists in a topical form (see above). Isotretinoin works by drying up oily secretions. It tends to be prescribed to people with severe forms of acne that have proved resistant to other treatments.
  •  There a number of serious side-effects of this drug, such as liver disorders and depresssion. You should not take isotretinoin if you are pregnant, as it is very dangerous to an unborn baby. For safety reasons, isotretinoin is only prescribed under the supervision of dermatology specialists.

 

Filed under: Natural Remedies

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